The storming of the U.S. Capitol by a mob. The illicit harvesting of private info from social media for political achieve. The unfold of disinformation throughout a worldwide pandemic.
Democracy has been put to the take a look at lately in each the USA and across the globe, fueled in some ways by people and teams exploiting social media and different new digital applied sciences to foment discord and breed mistrust in politicians, establishments and traditions.
Hosted by Dal’s College of Arts and Social Sciences and the Division of Political Science with assist from CBC Nova Scotia, the Stanfield Conversations: Speaking Democracy collection options an annual public panel dialogue on the state of democracy, specializing in pressing points relating to the well being of democratic establishments and different essential points going through society.
Three of North America’s prime consultants within the intersection of expertise, politics, and society explored these disruptions to democracy throughout Dalhousie’s second annual Stanfield Dialog final Thursday night time:
- Dr. Kathleen Corridor Jamieson, the Elizabeth Ware Packard Professor on the Annenberg College for Communication of the College of Pennsylvania
- Dr. Ron Deibert, Professor on the College of Toronto and Director of the Citizen Lab on the Munk College
- Dr. Elizabeth Dubois, Affiliate Professor on the College of Ottawa and head of the Pol Comm Tech Lab.
With the U.S. mid-term elections simply weeks away, the general public dialogue is nicely timed.
“The timing is fortuitous. It’s not an accident that we’re specializing in this subject at this yr’s Stanfield Conversations given the mid-term elections,” stated Portia Clark, host of CBC Nova Scotia’s Data Morning in Halifax and moderator on the occasion.
Watch the complete occasion on the backside of this text.
Dr. Jamieson began off the dialog by calling into query the state of discourse in the USA right now. She stated that as modern media contributes to societal fractures, it’s crucial that we foster a extra affordable and civil discourse.
“We not solely have seen identify calling, however we’ve additionally seen an increase within the impugning the nice will and integrity of others. In that context, it makes it tougher to seek out frequent floor,” says Dr. Jamieson.
Panelists then seemed on the points surrounding political discourse within the context of social media, particularly within the age of massive tech.
“We have to begin with the enterprise mannequin round social media,” says Dr. Deibert. “A technique to consider that is we’re the livestock for his or her information farms.”
“What we have to do is locate methods to shine mild on the method to verify we create transparency and accountability inside our methods. That is how we keep a powerful democracy whereas nonetheless limiting the potential harms,” says Dr. Dubois.
Associated studying: Dal college students share opinions about Digital Democracy on CBC Information
Strengthening digital literacy
With respect to digital literacy, the panelists took on the problem of how journalists ought to handle the threats to fact and democracy on-line.
Dr. Dubois says journalists want to acknowledge that most of the unhealthy actors on-line are extraordinarily nicely organized and calculated and can proceed to adapt.
“I believe it’s actually essential to acknowledge that there’s going to be innovation in what these approaches appear to be,” says Dr. Dubois, who argues that being digitally literate is an ongoing course of that requires everybody to be on alert for transformations within the digital panorama.
“Journalists have to supply a lot content material so rapidly,” says Dr. Jamieson, proven beneath, who joined the dialogue through video hyperlink. “I believe that’s an space prone to be exploited sooner or later. It’s most likely being exploited proper now, and we simply don’t know the place.”
Panelists not solely agreed that investigative journalism is essential to supporting a wholesome democracy, however that civic training performs a central function, one which ought to be expanded sooner or later.
Dr. Deibert factors to the central function that social media and tech firms play within the proliferation of digital misinformation, polarization, and surveillance.
“Whereas they could have taken some measures to attempt to stem that downside or mitigate it in varied methods … their incentive construction is completely in the wrong way as they’re a enterprise,” he says.
After the panel dialogue, viewers members, attending each in particular person and nearly, posed inquiries to the three panelists.
One attendee requested, what nationwide governments ought to be frightened about close to our election safety?
“I believe we now have to fret about far deeper issues than a handful of States. In truth, fascinated about the issues in a state-centric sort of approach is deceptive,” says Dr. Deibert.
With respect to campaigning, and information safety in a political context, with the pivotal U.S. mid-term elections approaching Dr. Jamieson say that work has been performed to enhance safety for the reason that 2016 U.S. presidential election. Nonetheless, there are areas of concern.
“The concept that politicians have far more details about us than they ever did earlier than is true to a sure extent.” However, Dr. Dubois argues that whereas social media has expanded the amount of this information, private information has at all times been a key a part of campaigning.
“After we don’t know the way that information has been collected, whether or not or it not it’s been paid for, who it’s been shared with, that’s when issues come up,” says Dr. Dubois.
The Stanfield Conversations are designed to deal with advanced points impacting the state of democracy throughout the globe. This yr, with the mid-term elections promising to have main penalties for American democracy and, by extension, Canadian democratic politics, a give attention to the US was a pure alternative.
“We’ve acquired some large issues, however the future isn’t set in stone. We’re accountable for our personal future and collective motion,” says Dr. Deibert.
Associated studying: Dal’s newest Pierre Elliott Trudeau Basis Scholar deciphers our altering democracy
‘Democracy is about folks’
Dr. Jen Andrews, dean of the College of Arts and Social Sciences, pointed to the important thing function that the Stanfield Conversations and Dal play in a essential discourse on democracy and bigger points confronting modern society.
“One of many pillars of the [Dal’s Strategic Plan] Third Century Promise, is that we aspire to be a civic college that makes a worldwide affect,” she says.
Dal alum Anne McLellan, the previous deputy prime minister of Canada and former chancellor of Dalhousie who additionally co-chairs the Stanfield Dialog’s advisory council, closed the panel, reminding attendees of the legacy of the occasion’s namesake, the Rt. Hon. Robert L. Stanfield, a former premier of Nova Scotia and chief of the federal Progressive Conservative Social gathering.
“Mr. Stanfield was an individual of integrity,” says McLellan “He at all times put the frequent good earlier than partisan pursuits.”
“I at all times will return to the simplicity of the truth that democracy is about folks,” says McLellan. “If we’re to have democracies, folks should make knowledgeable selections, they should be vigilant. They can’t be vigilant in the event that they’re not knowledgeable.”
Left to proper: Anne McLellan, Ronald Deibert, Stanfield Conversations founder George Cooper, Elizabeth Dubois, Jen Andrews, and Portia Clark.
Associated studying: ‘Democracy has to rise to the event’ — Inaugural Stanfield Dialog tackles the state and destiny of democracy